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Best 3D View of Deep Universe Reveals Astonishing Details (Video)

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Astronomers have just released a brand-new, best-ever 3D view of the deep universe, and it’s a doozy.

The amazing new photo, released by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) today (Feb. 26) reveals never-before-seen cosmic objects in a relatively small patch of sky. The MUSE instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope in Chile spent 27 hours staring at the Hubble Space Telescope’s Deep Field South region, helping scientists learn more about far-flung galaxies. You can learn more about the photo in a video about the amazing 3D view of the universe as well.

Scientists are using the new image to gather new information about the distance, speed, composition and other details about the galaxies spotted by MUSE. Astronomers have measured the distances to 189 galaxies with the 3D data, ESO officials said in a statement about the photo released today. [Hubble Space Telescope’s Latest Cosmic Views (Photos)]

MUSE Surpasses Hubble

This new image from the MUSE instrument shows never-before-seen galaxies in stunning 3D. The Hubble Space Telescope also imaged this patch of sky in the 1990s. Image released on Feb. 26, 2015.
Credit: ESO/MUSE Consortium/R. Bacon

“After just a few hours of observations at the telescope, we had a quick look at the data and found many galaxies — it was very encouraging,” Roland Bacon, principal investigator of the MUSE instrument, said in the same statement. “And when we got back to Europe we started exploring the data in more detail. It was like fishing in deep water and each new catch generated a lot of excitement and discussion of the species we were finding.”

Hubble took its first deep-field image in 1995, and since then, it has taken other images of the distant universe, revealing more newfound galaxies along the way.

The Hubble Deep Field South image was captured over the course of 10 days in 1998, giving scientists and the public a new view of galaxies in the deep universe. MUSE has now revealed more than 20 extremely faint objects not seen in the deep-field image, ESO officials said.

“The greatest excitement came when we found very distant galaxies that were not even visible in the deepest Hubble image,” Bacon said. “After so many years of hard work on the instrument, it was a powerful experience for me to see our dreams becoming reality.”

MUSE Stares at Hubble Deep Field South

In this annotated image, triangles represent objects newly discovered by MUSE. White stars represent faint Milky Way stars, and circles are objects seen by the Hubble Space Telescope. Blue objects are relatively nearby, with green and yellow ones more distant. Pink and purple objects represent galaxies seen when the universe was less than 1 billion years old, according to ESO.
Credit: ESO/MUSE consortium/R. Bacon

The galaxy distances measured by MUSE were varied, according to ESO. Some formed relatively recently, while others “were seen when the universe was less than one billion years old,” ESO officials said.

Astronomers are now planning on training the instrument’s gaze on other parts of the sky, originally images captured by Hubble.

“Now that we have demonstrated MUSE’s unique capabilities for exploring the deep universe, we are going to look at other deep fields, such as the Hubble Ultra Deep field,” Bacon said. “We will be able to study thousands of galaxies and to discover new extremely faint and distant galaxies. These small infant galaxies, seen as they were more than 10 billion years in the past, gradually grew up to become galaxies like the Milky Way that we see today.”

Follow Miriam Kramer @mirikramer. Follow us @Spacedotcom, Facebook and Google+. Original article on Space.com.

muse-beyond-hubble-deep-field

Astronomers have just released a brand-new, best-ever 3D view of the deep universe, and it’s a doozy. The amazing new photo, released by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) today (Feb. 26) reveals never-before-seen cosmic objects in a relatively small patch of sky. The MUSE instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope in Chile spent 27 hours […]

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Asteroid Found with Rings! First-of-Its-Kind Discovery Stuns Astronomers Video, Images | Space.com

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Asteroid Found with Rings! First-of-Its-Kind Discovery Stuns Astronomers Video, ImagesBy Nola Taylor Redd, Space.com Contributor   |   March 26, 2014 02:02pm ET4 0 3Submit0Reddit Scientists have made a stunning discovery in the outer realm of the solar system — an asteroid with its own set of rings that orbits the sun between Saturn and Uranus. The space rock is the first non-planetary object ever found to have its own ring system, researchers say.The pair of space rock rings encircle the asteroid Chariklo. They were most likely formed after a collision scattered debris around the asteroid, according to a new study unveiled today March 27. The asteroid rings also suggests the presence of a still-undiscovered moon around Chariklo that’s keeping them stable, researchers said.”We weren’t looking for a ring and didn’t think small bodies like Chariklo had them at all, so the discovery — and the amazing amount of detail we saw in the system — came as a complete surprise!” study leader Felipe Braga-Ribas, of the National Observatory in Brazil said in a statement today. [Asteroid with Rings: Artist Views of Space Rock Chariklo Photos]

via Asteroid Found with Rings! First-of-Its-Kind Discovery Stuns Astronomers Video, Images | Space.com.

Asteroid Found with Rings! First-of-Its-Kind Discovery Stuns Astronomers Video, ImagesBy Nola Taylor Redd, Space.com Contributor   |   March 26, 2014 02:02pm ET4 0 3Submit0Reddit Scientists have made a stunning discovery in the outer realm of the solar system — an asteroid with its own set of rings that orbits the sun between Saturn and Uranus. The space rock […]

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